Deutsch

Ancient Near East

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Ralph Lübbe
Knochen- und Zahnfunde im Indusgebiet.
Betrachtungen zur Abgrenzung des Früh- und Reif-Harappa-Komplexes und seines südasiatischen Umfeldes

In the Neolithic and Chalcolithic periods as well as in the Bronze Age the culture of the Indus valley is among the first urban high cultures. Its surface area exceeds that of Egypt and Mesopotamia taken together. The largest cities were at a distance of up to 200 km from each other, while Mesopotamian towns were often just 20 km apart.
As the early phases are usually compared to the Sumerian and Akkadian cultures, the respective research is pursued not within the discipline of Indology but is subsumed under Near Eastern Archaeology.
So far the focus has been on writing and the material culture; an approach from the view-point of human biology and anthropology would provide a new understanding. It is too little known that excavations of this third high culture of Antiquity have brought to light a great variety of bones and teeth. Analyses of these finds allow an insight into continuity and breaks in the development of civilization.
The osteological analysis of bones and teeth allows to draw a picture of the way of living, the customary diet, the preparation of food, hygiene, identity and the standard of living. One has just begun to call in the assistance of genetics and molecular biology. Disease pictures have been described that will be of interest to epidemiologists. Exemplary disease symptoms and recognizable causalities offer explanations for sequential processes and socio-biological connections.
Linguistic observation cannot offer explanations for population leaps. It may, on the contrary, be more to the point to try and explain transmitted events (Aryan invasion, Rigveda) with the help of anthropometrics and gene pools.
In periods of transition the development of homo sapiens in South Asia is marked by negative adaptation of stress; a reduced diet and diminished robustness are consequences of the farmer’s increased dependence on carbo-hydrates compared to that of the hunter/gatherer. Mobility and a lower exposure to germs lie, to this day, at the bottom of a high “tribal share”.
Questions need to be answered concerning the beginning and the end of the high culture, preceding cultures have to be defined but also factors hastening the decline, such as tectonic events, lack of rain and monsoon or the salinization of arable soil.
Modern tribal structures and strict caste rules prescribing endogamy are helpful for the analysis: they allow for hypotheses based on the limited exchange of gene pools among the population groups.
In Neolithic societies, in Egypt and Babylonia war was omnipresent. Harappa in its heyday appears remarkably peaceful: no walls, no finds of weapons, no lesions on the bones. The high level of civilization ("water luxury") will be described as part of the historical development of rise and decline.
It is worthwhile to give the osteological material – “thinner” in comparison with European material – a much closer look and develop surprising hypotheses. The study is meant as a concentrated but comprehensive overview about the state of the findings, from the standpoint of a medical man and a historian of the Ancient Near East. By the way, a German study of the palaeo-pathology of South Asia is still lacking.

122 pages with 70 images — content
29 x 21 cm — Softcover


Price: € 19,80 [D]

ISBN: 978-3-935012-23-2
© PeWe-Verlag 2017

 

 

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Karen Radner — F. Janoscha Kreppner — Andrea Squitieri (ed.)
Exploring the Neo-Assyrian Frontier with Western Iran.
The 2015 Season at Gird-i Bazar and Qalat-i Dinka
Peshdar Plain Project Publications — Volume 1

With contributions of Mark Altaweel, Andrei Ašandulesei, Peter V. Bartl, Jörg Fassbinder, Christoph Forster, Jessica Giraud, Tina Greenfield, Zahra Hashmi, Jean-Jacques Herr, F. Janoscha Kreppner, John MacGinnis, Anke Marsh, Karen Radner, Andrea Squitieri, Adam B. Stone, Eleanor Barbanes Wilkinson

The Peshdar district is part of the province of Sulaymaniyah in the Kurdish Autonomous Region of Iraq. In its centre lies the Peshdar Plain, surrounded by the glorious mountainscape of the Zagros and bounded in the south by the valley of the Lesser Zab, which connects the region to the Assyrian heartland and Western Iran. The international and interdisciplinary Peshdar Plain Project was inaugurated in 2015 with the goal of investigating the region in the Neo-Assyrian period (9th to 7th century BC). It formed part of the Border March of the Palace Herald which served to negotiate relations with the adjoining client kingdoms in the Zagros, most importantly Mannea (south of Lake Urmiye), Ḫubuškia in the Sardasht Plain and Muṣaṣir in the Rowanduz Plain.
Work in 2015 focused on two closely connected sites in the small Bora Plain, a sub-unit of the Peshdar Plain: the tiny single-phase site Gird-i Bazar and impressive Qalat-i Dinka, looming on a rocky outcrop high over the river, both part of the Dinka settlement complex. This book presents the results of this first season of field work. Karen Radner offers an analysis of the historical geography of the region on the basis of the textual sources, including the private contract of 725 BC found at Qalat-i Dinka. Mark Altaweel and Anke March provide a geoarchaeological assessment of the Bora Plain while Jessica Giraud presents an evaluation of the Dinka settlement complex based on the results of the survey of the Mission archéologique française du Gouvernorat de Soulaimaniah (MAFGS). Jörg Fassbinder and Andrei Ašandulesei discuss the results of their geophysical survey at Gird-i Bazar and Qalat-i Dinka. The bulk of the volume is dedicated to the 2015 excavations at Gird-i Bazar, with contributions on the fieldwork by F. Janoscha Kreppner, Christoph Forster, Andrea Squitieri, John MacGinnis, Adam B. Stone and Peter V. Bartl. Tina Greenfield introduces the bioarchaeological sampling strategy. On the basis of the analysis of 666 diagnostic ceramic sherds from key find contexts and by drawing on parallels from the Assyrian heartland and western Iran, Jean-Jacques Herr presents a first assessment of the technical aspects, the fabrics and the shapes of the pottery excavated at Gird-i Bazar. Eleanor Barbanes Wilkinson, Andrea Squitieri and Zahra Hashemi present the small finds from the 2015 excavations.
In an appendix to the volume, Jörg Fassbinder presents the promising results of the 2014 magnetometer survey in Mujeser in the Soran district of the province of Erbil, the possible site of the capital of the kingdom of Muṣaṣir, a client state of the Assyrian Empire, and its famous Ḫaldi temple.
The research presented in this book throws light on a hitherto little known eastern frontier region of the Assyrian Empire. Gird-i Bazar is the first unequivocally Neo-Assyrian site to be excavated in the region. The occupation layers beginning to be uncovered there offer the rare opportunity to explore an Assyrian non-elite settlement. Its well stratified ceramic repertoire is of special importance as it allows us for the first time to synchronise the Western Iranian pottery cultures (with the key sites Hasanlu, Godin Tepe, Nush-i Jan and Baba Jan) with the Assyrian material of the 8th and 7th centuries BC.

128 pages, more than 60 colored pictures — content
30 x 21 cm — Hardcover


Price: € 29,80 [D]

ISBN: 978-3-935012-20-1
© PeWe-Verlag 2016

 

 

4P-2

Karen Radner — F. Janoscha Kreppner — Andrea Squitieri (ed.)
Unearthing the Dinka Settlement Complex.
The 2016 Season at Gird-i Bazar and Qalat-i Dinka
Peshdar Plain Project Publications — Volume 2

With contributions of Mark Altaweel, Silvia Amicone, Andrei Ašandulesei, Christoph Berthold, Francesca Chelazzi, Vera Egbers, Jörg Fassbinder, Tina Greenfield, Zahra Hashemi, Jean-Jacques Herr, F. Janoscha Kreppner, Alessia Palmisano, Elsa Perruchini, Karen Radner, Melissa Rosenzweig, Marion Scheiblecker, Andrea Squitieri

This report of the 2016 activities of the Peshdar Plain Project presents new data for the occupation of the Bora Plain on the upper reaches of the Lesser Zab near the modern district centre of Qaladze in the Neo-Assyrian and Sassanian periods.
The book details the results of the first test excavations at the citadel of Qalat-i Dinka and of the on-going excavations at the settlement quarter of Gird-i Bazar. Here, a continuous excavated area of 625 m2 has been uncovered, occupied by several well-appointed multi-room houses with courtyards, wells and drainage systems and an open area around a pottery kiln, which was found complete with its last load.
The book also presents the results of the geophysical exploration of the Bora Plain: on the one hand, the continuation of the magnetometer survey of the entire Neo-Assyrian settlement, now recognised to be a complex of at least 60 hectares, and on the other hand, the new electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) investigations of the ancient qanat irrigation system that seems to be connected to the Neo-Assyrian settlement.
The three chapters on the pottery of Gird-i Bazar present a first overview of the attested chaînes opératoires, the updated fabric classification on the basis of thin section petrography analysis and the first results of the residue analysis performed on a selection of vessels. Another chapter is devoted to the small finds of the Neo-Assyrian occupation.
A chapter on the bioarchaeology of Gird-i Bazar presents preliminary results of the analysis of the animal bones and of the palaeobotanical remains from the Neo-Assyrian settlement and discusses the Sassanian-period graveyard, now dated by 14C analysis, on top of the ruins of the Neo-Assyrian occupation.

186 pages, more than 180 colored pictures — content
30 x 21 cm — Hardcover


Price: € 33,80 [D]

ISBN: 978-3-935012-28-7
© PeWe-Verlag 2016

 

 

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Elena Devecchi — Gerfrid G.W. Müller — Jana Mynářová (ed.)
Current Research in Cuneiform Paleography.
Proceedings of the Workshop organised at the 60ᵗʰ Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale, Warsaw 2014

In recent years cuneiform studies have witnessed a growing interest in issues variously related to the broadly defined field of palaeography. This led to the development of new methodologies and technologies as well as to the establishment of several projects devoted to the palaeographic analysis of cuneiform corpora from Mesopotamia, Syria, Anatolia and New Kingdom Egypt, spanning from the 3rd to the 1st millennium BC.This volume collects papers from scholars who had been working on topics such as writing space, wedge order, quantitative analysis, text reconstruction, sign identification and palaeographic dating, providing an updated overview on the present state of the art.

XIV + 198 pages — content
24,5 x 17,5 cm — Hardcover


Price: € 29,80 [D]

ISBN: 978-3-935012-18-8
© PeWe-Verlag 2015

 

 

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Bernd Müller-Neuhof

Die frühneolithischen und urukzeitlichen Silex- und Obsidianindustrien aus Tell Sheikh Hassan
Ausgrabungen in Tell Sheikh Hassan, Band V.1
Edited by Friederike Bachmann

This publication assembles the flint and obsidian tools retrieved from occupation levels dating to the early Neolithic and the Uruk periods that were exposed by the German excavations in Tell Sheikh Hassan. It is the first monograph to present an assemblage of Uruk-time lithics including detailed descriptions of the function of the various tool types. The finds of the early Neolithic are presented in as much detail as there is proof that certain early Neolithic types were, at the time of the Uruk occupation, sought after, collected and put to use again. Another important result is the fact that, for several lithic tools dating to proto-dynastic times, the Egyptian origin could be ascertained - a first indication of Egyptian imports to the Uruk region.

140 pages, with 286 drawings and 20 color pictures — content
35 x 24,3 cm — Hardcover

Price: €  48,00 [D]

ISBN:  978-3-935012-17-1
© PeWe-Verlag 2015

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BBVO-20
E. Cancik-Kirschbaum/N. Ziegler (ed.)

Entre les fleuves — I. Untersuchungen zur historischen Geographie Obermesopotamiens im 2. Jahrtausend v. Chr.
Berliner Beiträge zum Vorderen Orient, Band 20

With articles by Adelheid Otto, Aline Tenu, Nele Ziegler, Dominique Charpin, Grégory Chambon, Hervé Reculeau, Daniela Crasso, Hartmut Kühne, Eva Cancik-Kirschbaum, Sabina Kulemann-Ossen, Jean-Marie Durand, Michaël Guichard, Adelina Millet Albà, Lionel Marti

The archaeological, philological and historic-systematical contributions in this volume are concerned with the cultural history of Upper Mesopotamia in the 2nd millennium BC; the focus is on questions of historical geography. The case studies analyse typical spatial structures such as the Khabur region as an area for settlement and for traffic. The contributions also take up the problems connected with the various sources, their kinds of information and the conditions accompanying the methodical access. It becomes obvious that, beyond questions of localisation and identification, historical geography must aim at a description of space as the primary condition of culture – making use of textual sources, archaeological findings and, more than ever, taking into account the possibilities of the reconstruction of environment and landscape.

388 pages, with 9 line drawings, 11 b/w-pict. and 25 maps — content
24 x 17 cm — Hardcover

libreka
Price: € 29,80 [D]

ISBN: 978-3-935012-04-1
© PeWe-Verlag 2010

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Also available as ebook.

Price: € 14,80 [D]

ISBN: 978-3-935012-97-3
PeWe-Verlag 2013

The ebook can only be ordered from a book-shop or via Libreka.

 

 

BBVO-21

Grégory Chambon
Normes et pratiques — L'homme, la mesure et l'écriture en Mésopotamie. I. Les mesures de capacité et de poids en Syrie Ancienne, d'Ébla à Émar.
Berliner Beiträge zum Vorderen Orient, Band 21

The book gives attention to cultural technics of calculating and metrology in ancient near eastern economic system administration in Syria of the 3rd and 2nd millennium BC. Merchants, representatives of institutions and administrations but also individuals were using metrological and arithmetical competences e.g. negotiation of resources, manufacturing processes, merchandises, etc. Some practices have left traces like archaeological artefacts or textes on cuneiform tablets.
The analysis of terminology and systematics of these practices in economic and administration texts is aimed at institutional, socio-economic and cultural heritage contexts of the metrology in cuneiform culture of knowledge. The study approaches a contribution to the history of material culture and to the discussion about the development of rational pragmatics in the Ancient Near East by the interaction of men, measure and writing.

200 pages, with 1 b/w-pict and 1 map — content
24 x 17 cm — Hardcover
libreka

Price: € 29,80 [D]

ISBN: 978-3-935012-08-9
© PeWe-Verlag 2011

 

 

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Carmen Gütschow
Methoden zur Restaurierung von ungebrannten und gebrannten Keilschrifttafeln – Gestern und Heute.
Berliner Beiträge zum Vorderen Orient, Band 22

The topic of this work is the treatment of unburnt and burnt clay tablets. As practical case studies six cuneiform tablets were chosen that show typical damages to be found in museum collections. For a better understanding of the problems concerning such objects the characteristics of clay as material are shown up, especially those of calcareous clays. Important restoration measures are discussed, as for example the secondary burning of tablets in preparation of the subsequent reduction of salt.

152 pages, 36 col. tab. with 80 img. — content
24 x 17 cm — Hardcover
libreka

Price: € 24,80 [D]

ISBN: 978-3-935012-09-6
© PeWe-Verlag 2012

 

 

BBVO-23

Shai Gordin (ed.)
Visualizing Knowledge and Creating Meaning in Ancient Writing Systems.
Berliner Beiträge zum Vorderen Orient, Band 23

International Workshop of the Research Group "Notational Iconicity", 24th-25th September 2010
Ancient writing systems employ logographic and logophonetic principles playing on the relationship between writing, script and scribal learning. The workshop proceedings published in this volume explore the way these relationships encode knowledge and meaning reflected in the social, historical and cultural mentalité of the early peoples of East Asia (China and Japan), Anatolia, the Aegean, Egypt and Mesoamerica. The meeting was organized in the FU Berlin on the fall of 2010 by the editor and Dr. Renata Landgráfová (now Charles University, Prague) in the frame of the DFG research training group 1458 “Notational Iconicity” (“Schriftbildlichkeit”) headed by Prof. Eva Cancik-Kirschbaum and Prof. Sybille Krämer.
The premise of our meeting was that script and the organization of texts can reveal how knowledge is transformed and transmitted among different social groups across time and space, and eventually standardized as written tradition. Its multidisciplinary approach follows recent trends in the attempt to arouse debate between scholars of disparate systems of writing – be it Cuneiform, Hieroglyphic or Linear in nature – and to discuss their elements independent of origin or cultural context. A broad perspective on ancient writing and its visual elements was established with the contributions delving into the aspects of generating knowledge and meaning (J. Janák, M. Weeden), categorizing knowledge (E. Boot, T. W. Kwan, H. Tomas), diffusion and transformation of knowledge (Sh. Gordin, R. Landgráfová) and rationalizing knowledge (E. Birk).

260 pages, with 73 b/w-pictures — content
24 x 17 cm — Hardcover
libreka

Price: € 29,80 [D]

ISBN: 978-3-935012-11-9
© PeWe-Verlag 2014

 

 

bbvo-24
N. Ziegler/E. Cancik-Kirschbaum (éd.)

Entre les fleuves — II. D'Aššur à Mari et au-delà
Berliner Beiträge zum Vorderen Orient, Band 24

With contributions of Faysal Abdallah, Boris Alexandrov, Ilya Arkhipov, Eva Cancik-Kirschbaum, Dominique Charpin, Jean-Marie Durand, Christoph Fink, Michael Guichard, Antoine Jacquet, Lionel Marti, Christophe Nicolle, Susanne Paulus, William Pethe, Reinhard Pirngruber, Walter Sommerfeld, Ahmed Taraqdji, Nele Ziegler

The contributions gathered in this volume are the result of the German-French research project HIGEOMES – “The historical geography of Upper Mesopotamia in the 2nd millennium BC: Interdisciplinary research” (ANR/DFG). The first part, “From Aššur to Mari,” covers the Sinjar, Khabur and Taurus regions, that is, the north of Upper Mesopotamia. The focus lies on spatial phenomena of political structures in the first half of the 2nd millennium BC, based on written sources or archaeological findings (contributions by D. Charpin, M. Guichard, A. Jacquet, C. Nicolle, J.-M. Durand & N. Ziegler). The second part, “Beyond Upper Mesopotamia,” considers regions at the borders or even outside of Upper Mesopotamia proper. The city of Akkade remains a point of reference, also in the second millennium. With regard to the ongoing discussion about the localization of the city of Akkade it seemed to make sense to bring the state of research concerning the written sources of the third to the first millennia up to date (contributions by W. Sommerfeld, N. Ziegler, S. Paulus, W. Pethe, L. Marti and R. Pirngruber ). The two texts from Tell Sakka are here edited for the first time and analysed as to their importance for a reconstruction of Suppiluliuma I’s military campaigns (contributions by F. Abdallah & J.-M. Durand, B. Alexandrov). The third part, “Toponymy and concept of space,” consists of essays by I. Arkhipov, E. Cancik-Kirschbaum and N. Ziegler. They treat questions of newly attributed place-names and of the linguistic grasp of large areas and of central structures in Old Babylonian and Middle Assyrian times (libbi mātim / libbi māti resp. libbi āli).

354 pages, with 2 drawings, 17 b/w-pictures and 7 maps — content
24 x 17 cm — Hardcover

Price: € 29,80 [D]

ISBN: 978-3-935012-13-3
© PeWe-Verlag 2014

 

 

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Nele Diekmann
Talbot's Tools. Notizbücher als Denklabor eines viktorianischen Keilschriftforschers.
Berliner Beiträge zum Vorderen Orient, Band 25

Much has been written about the decipherment, in the course of the 19th century, of ancient systems of writing, for instance the Egyptian hieroglyphs or the Assyrian-Babylonian cuneiform script. But rarely do we learn more about the details of the researchers’ methods when they were trying to solve an equation with many unknown quantities. How exactly did they proceed on their way to an understanding of the structure and meaning of the unknown signs? And which instruments were available towards the solution of such complex intellectual riddles?
The publication is concerned with just that question. What was the role in the research process of the numerous notebooks which the Victorian scholar William Henry Fox Talbot (1800-1877) left behind? They provide an opportunity to observe how thinking and writing supplement each other and interact to produce results on the page that could not possibly have been reached just “in the mind“. In his notebooks Talbot categorizes, orders, experiments and corrects; the publication aims at analysing those partially superimposed processes and elucidate them with many examples.
In addition to matters of script research, in general, the volume gives a detailed overview over the early history of cuneiform research: it begins with the first reports by travellers to the Middle East, continues with the successful decipherments by Henry Rawlinson (1810-1895) and Edward Hincks (1792-1866) and even includes the power and information policies among scholarly circles of the Victorian society.
The book thus touches upon several disciplines: it treats to the same degree questions of the theory of script, the history of science and of Ancient Near Eastern Studies.

294 pages with 84 images — content
24,5 x 17,5 cm — Hardcover


Price: € 33,80 [D]

ISBN: 978-3-935012-21-8
© PeWe-Verlag 2017

 

 

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Nedal Haj Darwich
Götter und Mischwesen in Syrien und Westmesopotamien in der Frühbronzezeit.

The study covers the geographical space west of the “classical” theatre of early Mesopotamian cultures, a region so far not in the focus of science. The investigation is restricted to the 3rd millennium BC and aims at a comprehensive presentation of gods and demons on all genres of monuments.
Comparisons with monuments from other parts of Mesopotamia help to identify the individual motives as to their date and function.
In addition, the gods and demons are considered in their iconographic as well as textual and historical context.

302 pages, with more than 320, partly col. fig. — content
Ebook


Price: € 14,80 [D]

ISBN: 978-3-935012-98-0
PeWe-Verlag 2010

The book can only be ordered from a book-shop or via Libreka.