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Adelheid Otto (ed.)

From Pottery to Chronology: The Middle Euphrates Region in Late Bronze Age Syria. Proceedings of the International Workshop in Mainz (Germany), May 5-7, 2012.
Mit With contributions of Felix Blocher, Annie Caubet, Costanza Coppini, Berthold Einwag, Thomas L. McClellan, Adelheid Otto, Anne Porter, Ferhan Sakal, Glenn M. Schwarz and Peter Werner.
Münchener Abhandlungen zum Alten Orient, Band 1 (MAAO-1)

This volume is the result of an “International Workshop on the Chronology of the Late Bronze Age (15th-13th Century BC) in Northern Syria (Upper Syrian Euphrates Area): Emar, Tall al-Qitar, Tall Munbaqa, Umm el-Marra and Tall Bazi“. It took place on May 5-7, 2012 at the Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz. The need for the workshop was felt by the excavators of the mentioned sites, because a considerable number of LBA sites has been investigated in the Upper Euphrates area by now, but the relative and absolute chronology of most sites is still a matter of debate.
The workshop in Mainz tried to tackle the problem of the dating of the Late Bronze Age of the Upper Syrian Euphrates region with the most simple and obvious method. The excavators and pottery specialists of the relevant sites were for the first time brought together. Each team was asked to present its stratified ceramic material and to explain their methods of dating: had the pottery sequence been dated by parallel with another settlement? If so, with which settlement? Or had the stratified material been dated by internal criteria, by written documents or by other well datable objects such as seals, tools and weapons, imported pottery or others? Or had it been dated by radiocarbon or other scientific analyses? The defined aim, which was circulated among the participants in advance, was “By putting together and by comparing the relevant stratified material, it should be possible to discern the consistencies and differences within the material and the reasons for them.”
It was hoped that the date of the relevant levels and of the various destructions would become evident, when the reliability of the dating of the ‘Tablet Building’ at Hadidi to the 15th century was questioned and when each mission laid open its own dating methods, thereby avoiding the circularity of assumptions that had hitherto prevailed. This was not only achieved, but it was also able to establish new chronological anchor points for the Upper Euphrates valley.

232 pages, 129 figures, some colored — content
30 x 21,5 cm — Hardcover


Price: €  58,00 [D]

ISBN:  978-3-935012-29-4
© PeWe-Verlag 2018

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syene-cover

Stefanie Martin-Kilcher / Jacqueline Wininger

Syene III. Untersuchungen zur römischen Keramik und weiteren Funden aus Syene / Assuan (1.-7. Jahrhundert AD). Grabungen 2001 — 2004.
With contributions by Sylvia Fünfschilling, Daniel Keller and Johanna Sigl.
Beiträge zur ägyptischen Bauforschung und Altertumskunde, Band 20.

Syene (Aswan) was the southern-most town of the Roman Empire. Since the year 2000, systematic rescue excavations have been carried out by the Swiss Institute of Architectural and Archaeological Research on Ancient Egypt in Cairo, in cooperation with the Ministry of Antiquities.
The pottery studied in this volume comes from stratigraphically well-observed archaeological structures of the excavations from the 1st to 4th campaigns and was analysed within the framework of a project of the University of Berne, Institut für Archäologische Wissenschaften, Archäologie der Römischen Provinzen.
The work is divided into four parts A-D, with a substantial summary in English:
Part A: structures, contexts, catalogue of pottery and plates.
Part B: pottery, relative and absolute chronology; types; synthesis.
Part C: glass, metal and bone artefacts, animal bones.
Part D: annex (pottery): bibliography, typological series; color plates.

For the first time for Upper Egypt, characteristic, chronologically valid contexts of pottery can now be observed. Furthermore, from the later 1st century BC up until the 7th century AD a typological development for many forms can be traced. Finally, the analysis of the pottery yields results and perspectives on trade and cultural developments.

432 pages, 262 figurs, 39 plates, many in color — content
35 x 24,3 cm — Hardcover

Price: €  85,00 [D]

ISBN:  978-3-935012-27-0
© PeWe-Verlag 2017

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4P-2

Karen Radner — F. Janoscha Kreppner — Andrea Squitieri (ed.)
Unearthing the Dinka Settlement Complex.
The 2016 Season at Gird-i Bazar and Qalat-i Dinka
Peshdar Plain Project Publications — Volume 2

With contributions of Mark Altaweel, Silvia Amicone, Andrei Ašandulesei, Christoph Berthold, Francesca Chelazzi, Vera Egbers, Jörg Fassbinder, Tina Greenfield, Zahra Hashemi, Jean-Jacques Herr, F. Janoscha Kreppner, Alessia Palmisano, Elsa Perruchini, Karen Radner, Melissa Rosenzweig, Marion Scheiblecker, Andrea Squitieri

This report of the 2016 activities of the Peshdar Plain Project presents new data for the occupation of the Bora Plain on the upper reaches of the Lesser Zab near the modern district centre of Qaladze in the Neo-Assyrian and Sassanian periods.
The book details the results of the first test excavations at the citadel of Qalat-i Dinka and of the on-going excavations at the settlement quarter of Gird-i Bazar. Here, a continuous excavated area of 625 m2 has been uncovered, occupied by several well-appointed multi-room houses with courtyards, wells and drainage systems and an open area around a pottery kiln, which was found complete with its last load.
The book also presents the results of the geophysical exploration of the Bora Plain: on the one hand, the continuation of the magnetometer survey of the entire Neo-Assyrian settlement, now recognised to be a complex of at least 60 hectares, and on the other hand, the new electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) investigations of the ancient qanat irrigation system that seems to be connected to the Neo-Assyrian settlement.
The three chapters on the pottery of Gird-i Bazar present a first overview of the attested chaînes opératoires, the updated fabric classification on the basis of thin section petrography analysis and the first results of the residue analysis performed on a selection of vessels. Another chapter is devoted to the small finds of the Neo-Assyrian occupation.
A chapter on the bioarchaeology of Gird-i Bazar presents preliminary results of the analysis of the animal bones and of the palaeobotanical remains from the Neo-Assyrian settlement and discusses the Sassanian-period graveyard, now dated by 14C analysis, on top of the ruins of the Neo-Assyrian occupation.

186 pages, more than 180 colored pictures — content
30 x 21 cm — Hardcover


Price: € 33,80 [D]

ISBN: 978-3-935012-28-7
© PeWe-Verlag 2016

 

 

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Ralph Lübbe
Knochen- und Zahnfunde im Indusgebiet.
Betrachtungen zur Abgrenzung des Früh- und Reif-Harappa-Komplexes und seines südasiatischen Umfeldes

In the Neolithic and Chalcolithic periods as well as in the Bronze Age the culture of the Indus valley is among the first urban high cultures. Its surface area exceeds that of Egypt and Mesopotamia taken together. The largest cities were at a distance of up to 200 km from each other, while Mesopotamian towns were often just 20 km apart.
As the early phases are usually compared to the Sumerian and Akkadian cultures, the respective research is pursued not within the discipline of Indology but is subsumed under Near Eastern Archaeology.
So far the focus has been on writing and the material culture; an approach from the view-point of human biology and anthropology would provide a new understanding. It is too little known that excavations of this third high culture of Antiquity have brought to light a great variety of bones and teeth. Analyses of these finds allow an insight into continuity and breaks in the development of civilization.
The osteological analysis of bones and teeth allows to draw a picture of the way of living, the customary diet, the preparation of food, hygiene, identity and the standard of living. One has just begun to call in the assistance of genetics and molecular biology. Disease pictures have been described that will be of interest to epidemiologists. Exemplary disease symptoms and recognizable causalities offer explanations for sequential processes and socio-biological connections.
Linguistic observation cannot offer explanations for population leaps. It may, on the contrary, be more to the point to try and explain transmitted events (Aryan invasion, Rigveda) with the help of anthropometrics and gene pools.
In periods of transition the development of homo sapiens in South Asia is marked by negative adaptation of stress; a reduced diet and diminished robustness are consequences of the farmer’s increased dependence on carbo-hydrates compared to that of the hunter/gatherer. Mobility and a lower exposure to germs lie, to this day, at the bottom of a high “tribal share”.
Questions need to be answered concerning the beginning and the end of the high culture, preceding cultures have to be defined but also factors hastening the decline, such as tectonic events, lack of rain and monsoon or the salinization of arable soil.
Modern tribal structures and strict caste rules prescribing endogamy are helpful for the analysis: they allow for hypotheses based on the limited exchange of gene pools among the population groups.
In Neolithic societies, in Egypt and Babylonia war was omnipresent. Harappa in its heyday appears remarkably peaceful: no walls, no finds of weapons, no lesions on the bones. The high level of civilization ("water luxury") will be described as part of the historical development of rise and decline.
It is worthwhile to give the osteological material – “thinner” in comparison with European material – a much closer look and develop surprising hypotheses. The study is meant as a concentrated but comprehensive overview about the state of the findings, from the standpoint of a medical man and a historian of the Ancient Near East. By the way, a German study of the palaeo-pathology of South Asia is still lacking.

122 pages with 70 images — content
29 x 21 cm — Softcover


Price: € 19,80 [D]

ISBN: 978-3-935012-23-2
© PeWe-Verlag 2017

 

 

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Nele Diekmann
Talbot's Tools. Notizbücher als Denklabor eines viktorianischen Keilschriftforschers.
Berliner Beiträge zum Vorderen Orient, Band 25

Much has been written about the decipherment, in the course of the 19th century, of ancient systems of writing, for instance the Egyptian hieroglyphs or the Assyrian-Babylonian cuneiform script. But rarely do we learn more about the details of the researchers’ methods when they were trying to solve an equation with many unknown quantities. How exactly did they proceed on their way to an understanding of the structure and meaning of the unknown signs? And which instruments were available towards the solution of such complex intellectual riddles?
The publication is concerned with just that question. What was the role in the research process of the numerous notebooks which the Victorian scholar William Henry Fox Talbot (1800-1877) left behind? They provide an opportunity to observe how thinking and writing supplement each other and interact to produce results on the page that could not possibly have been reached just “in the mind“. In his notebooks Talbot categorizes, orders, experiments and corrects; the publication aims at analysing those partially superimposed processes and elucidate them with many examples.
In addition to matters of script research, in general, the volume gives a detailed overview over the early history of cuneiform research: it begins with the first reports by travellers to the Middle East, continues with the successful decipherments by Henry Rawlinson (1810-1895) and Edward Hincks (1792-1866) and even includes the power and information policies among scholarly circles of the Victorian society.
The book thus touches upon several disciplines: it treats to the same degree questions of the theory of script, the history of science and of Ancient Near Eastern Studies.

294 pages with 84 images — content
24,5 x 17,5 cm — Hardcover


Price: € 33,80 [D]

ISBN: 978-3-935012-21-8
© PeWe-Verlag 2017

 

 

syene-cover

Johanna Sigl

Syene II. Die Tierfunde aus den Grabungen von 2000 - 2009. Ein Beitrag zur Umwelt- und Kulturgeschichte einer oberägyptischen Stadt von der pharaonischen Spät- bis in die Mameluckenzeit.
Beiträge zur ägyptischen Bauforschung und Altertumskunde, Band 19.

More than 2500 years ago, on the east bank of the Nile, opposite the Pharaonic town of Elephantine on the island of the same name, the town of Syene, predecessor of today’s Assuan, came into existence. The partner towns formed the gateway to Nubia and Central Africa. They lay on the route of most trade expeditions on their way to procure gold, ivory and other goods for Egypt and the whole Mediterranean. Due to their strategic importance at the south border of the country both towns must also be seen as permanent military strong-points undergoing continuous change in the composition of their inhabitants: soldiers and mercenaries as well as merchants of many nations lived there for shorter or longer periods and brought their respective cultural and religious traditions to the First Cataract. While Elephantine provides an almost complete insight into the first two and a half millennia of Egyptian history, the exploration of Syene builds a bridge via the Islamic Middle Ages to the Modern Era.
The examination of faunal remains from the excavations of the “Schweizerisches Institut für Ägyptische Bauforschung und Altertumskunde” in Kairo in cooperation with the Assuan inspectorate of the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities allows a deep view, from the Late Period of ancient Egypt until the 15th century A.D., into the ways that the inhabitants of Syene made use of animals. So far the archaeozoological exploration of Egypt lacks a study of skeletal material of that time span as well as of domesticated and wild animals from all families: this volume closes the gap, at least for the area around the First Cataract.
The presentation of the material according to the identified species is accompanied by a detailed description of the methodological background as well as by comparisons with faunal studies all over Egypt from Pharaonic times to the Modern Age. The ideas discussed with regard to individual species are supplemented by the interpretation of the complete material as to changes in the ways of utilizing domesticated animals, as to preferences in the diet or as to knowledge of breeding. Faunal remains are also used as a possible means of information about trade routes to and from Assuan in the course of the roughly 2500 years of the town’s history. A special attempt has been made to throw light on the questions after shelter for the animals, the supply with fodder and the size of the herds of domesticated animals needed for the meat part in the diet of Syene’s inhabitants.

328 pages, with 82 black-and-white and 24 color pictures, 1 CD-ROM — content
35 x 24,3 cm — Hardcover

Price: €  112,00 [D]

ISBN:  978-3-935012-22-5
© PeWe-Verlag 2017

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